Time-traveling librarian

Thanks to everyone who voted for their next adventure… and here you have it, an analysis post of your chosen winner!

The Time Traveler’s Wife (2009) is a romantic drama based on the best-selling 2003 novel by Audrey Niffenegger. The love story between Henry, a time-traveling librarian (played by Eric Bana) and Clare, an artist (played by Rachel McAdams) provides the central plot, as the film jumps back and forth in time, mirroring Henry’s travels. The two actors do all they can to provide gravitas and chemistry to the movie, but the tone and execution do end up feeling a little heavy-handed.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

Any kind of time-traveling-themed film involves its own brand of suspension of disbelief, as the audience has to accept somewhat circular logic and avoidance of plot holes (see also The Lake House and Premonition for other recent examples). This kind of story works better in print, and I did read the book years ago to see if Henry was a librarian in the book (he is). What’s intriguing about this variation on time travel is that Henry can’t choose when he travels back in time, and this brings on a whole host of problems and relationship instability.


Henry doesn’t get to keep his clothes when he travels, so most of his time spent time-traveling seems to be involve breaking into places to find clothes, only to leave yet another pile of clothes as he disappears again. Also, Henry is older when he goes back in time to meet Clare, who is 6 years old when they meet for the first time on Clare’s timeline (incidentally, Henry is also 6 years old when he first travels through time). A 6-year-old girl and a 30-something-year-old man who later marry? Yeah, the creep factor is always there.

For a romantic hero, Henry is also unusual, because he often has to resort to petty theft, lock-picking, and sometimes back-alley brawls during his travels. (At one point, he also uses his abilities to win the lottery. Personal morality and ethics take a slip when one slips in and out of time.)

It’s hard out there for a time-traveling librarian. 😉

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

The two library scenes come fast and furious, both occurring within the first five minutes of the film. Three-and-a-half minutes in, we get our first shot of the library archives, as Henry travels back to his present (naked and shivering and emotionally drained). Henry wearily puts on his clothes, which are in a bundle on the library floor.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

After a heavy sigh, Henry then bends down to pick up rare books in a pile on the floor, affording us a close-up of his shoes. (Visuals of shoes feature heavily in this film, and a close-up of shoes in a field also graced the book’s cover.) Next, we see Henry bringing the stack of books to a patron in the library.

Patron:  That took you long enough.

Henry:  You have no idea.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

Contrast that with the next scene, which brings sunshine and spring into the storyline. We also learn that Henry lives in Chicago. We get another wide shot of the library, this time bathed in sunlight and warm tones. The difference? This is when he first meets Clare, and they “meet cute” (or rather, “meet awkward”) in the library. Before Clare, his entire world — including his work world — feels cold and dark. With Clare, his world brightens — literally.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

Fun fact:  Although the library is not named, these scenes were filmed in the Newberry Library in Chicago. This is also the library where Henry works in the book.

In this scene, we also get treated to another librarian, a young, red-haired woman perched in the stacks with a book cart in front of her. She looks quite professional — much more professional-looking than Henry — and is wearing a pin-striped Oxford blouse and a suit vest. This librarian is a typical Information Provider.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

Clare:  Excuse me. I’m looking for something on papermaking at Kelmscott.

Librarian: Our special collections librarian can help you with that. [She raises her voice to get Henry’s attention, who looks over at them.]

Henry:  Can I help you?

Clare:  Henry? [Claire recognizes him, but he doesn’t seem to recognize her.]

Henry:  Yes?

Clare:  Henry. It’s you. You told me this would happen. I’m supposed to act normal, but I’m not really acting very normal.

Here’s Henry’s reaction to Clare’s recognition of himself. Awwwwwwwwkward.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

Long story short, Henry agrees to meet up with Clare. Boy meets girl. Boy disappears. Girl has to clean up the mess. You know, the same old story. 😉

Although there are no more physical scenes of the library, there are a couple more mentions of his profession:

  • 21 minutes in, Clare introduces Henry to her friends Gomez and Charisse. Gomez isn’t favorably impressed at first, saying, “I couldn’t get anything out of him except he’s a research librarian.”
  • 25 minutes in, Gomez goes straight to Clare after learning Henry’s time-traveling secret. Gomez asks if Henry’s around, and she responds, “No, he’s at the library.”

Truthfully, it is not important to the plot that Henry is a librarian — except that it allows him to time travel, which IS the plot — so this film winds up in the Class II category. However, because of the extensive scenes we get to see of Henry outside of the library, and the personality flaws we witness, I would argue he fills an atypical role for reel librarians. Henry’s personality is atypical of most romantic heroes, full stop, and his role as a reel librarian is also secondary to the central romantic drama. It is also atypical to highlight a reel librarian, male or female, who is quite physically active and fit. (See also Rene Russo’s character in the 1989 comedy Major League). Henry is fit out of necessity, in order to survive while time-traveling.

The filmmakers are also not afraid to be critical of the lead romantic hero. Twice, Henry describes himself as a “pain in the ass.”

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

One could also argue that Henry’s role is that of a male librarian as a failure; that character type consists of self-perceived “failures” who resort to working in a library. And Henry did choose to be a librarian when he was younger and felt lost and unhappy — before he had met Clare, and before he scientifically explored his condition. However, the “male librarian as a failure” character type primarily fills the purpose of reflecting flaws in a library, or other social system or construct; this character type is also very closely tied to the library. In this film, the library is just an excuse.

Although Henry’s occupation actually does make it to the back of the DVD case (“… a handsome librarian who travels involuntarily through time”), like I said, it’s not really that important that he’s a librarian.

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'The Time Traveler's Wife'

His occupation is only important because it provides him a way to make a living that, well, doesn’t get in the way of his time-traveling. His job, that of a special collections or archives librarian, affords him time to spend in the archives, alone, so that no one really notices when he’s gone. (Even when he’s gone for two weeks straight, we don’t hear anything about how that affects his work.)

How’s that for an endorsement for librarianship? Be a librarian so that NO ONE will notice if you’re even there or not. SIGH.

This film attempts to end as a testament to true love and how it can stand the test of time. But there is no such love for the library. Because once Henry wins the lottery — surprise, surprise — there is no more mention of the library. Who would continue to work in a library when there’s no need to work anymore?

On that cheerful note, I bid you farewell… but you can count on me that I’ll be back next week, same time, same place. 😉


Enough, said the librarian

Two friends had recommended Enough Said (2013), starring Julia Louis-Dreyfus and James Gandolfini in his last major role before his untimely death last summer. The film is a quirky slice-of-life glimpse into the budding romance between two middle-aged, single parents. (And if you’ve seen the trailer, then you’ve basically seen the film. Enough said, indeed.) This past weekend, my husband and I decided to rent a movie on-demand through our cable service, fully expecting a relaxing evening on the couch watching a film.

Then 11 minutes into the film, on their first date, this conversation happened:

Eva: What about you? What do you do?

Albert: I work at the American Library of Cultural History.

Eva: The what?

Albert: Exactly. It’s basically a television library.

However delighted I was that James Gandolfini played a librarian in his last major role, I do admit to shouting at the screen, “NO!!!!! Now I have to take notes! This was NOT the relaxing evening we had planned for!” (I do enjoy being overly dramatic sometimes. But it’s all for you, dear readers. All for you.) And neither friend who had recommended the film had bothered to mention that he worked in a library. Do they not know me at all?! 😉

A half-hour into the film, we are also treated to a view of the (fictional) American Library of Cultural History, as Albert takes Eva on a tour of the archives, his office, and the public viewing and reading room. And in an interview, Julia Louis-Dreyfus revealed that this scene in the library was actually the very first scene that she and James Gandolfini shot together!

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshots from 'Enough Said'

Eva:  Wow. Amazing. So what do you do with all this?

Albert:  You really want to hear this?

Eva:  Yeah. I do. What?

Albert:  I make sure things are transferred to digital properly, I make sure they’re logged in properly. I write little blurbs, so if anyone under fifty wants to put down their phone and come in here and watch something original and brilliant, they can find what they’re looking for. […]

Eva:  So cool.

Albert:  It is. I kind of love it. You know, on slow days I can sit downstairs in my office and watch a couple episodes of ‘What’s Happening?’

Then the two share a kiss in the library. Awwwwww… ♥

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshot from 'Enough Said'

Side note:  It looks like this was filmed in an actual library, but I have not been able to find out which library these scenes were filmed in. The rest of film utilizes real West L.A. locations, like the Lilly’s restaurant.

Interesting to note that the screenplay differs a bit from the final result. In the script,  we learn a bit more information about the library; this line, “We have the most comprehensive collection of television shows from 1947 to the present,” didn’t make it to the screen.

There are little glimpses into Albert’s view of his job and the skills he utilizes as a television library archivist. For example, as he and Eva talk outside on their second date, he mentions that his wife thought his job was stupid — which might account for the shyness he shows when first telling Eva about his job and his offhand, “I kind of love it” remark and shrug.

Also, right before the library tour, he also gets to show off his encyclopedic knowledge of Saturday morning television. Eva’s reaction? “That’s incredible!”

And I laughed during their first date, when they are talking about their flaws, and Albert mentions ear hair. Eva, in a teasing manner, mentions there are things one can do to care of that. Albert counters with, “Researched. Taken care of.” That does feel true to what a librarian would say! 😉

However, there are some personality traits that do NOT necessarily match up with a librarian or archivist. A major point of the movie — and part of why he ultimately repulsed his ex-wife — is that he is a self-confessed “disorganized slob.” Whaaaaaaat?

think the screenwriter and director Nicole Holofcener was trying to make a point in the movie that what people do doesn’t necessarily match who they are. For example, Eva’s friend, Sarah (played by Toni Colette) is a psychiatrist — one with some big-name, celebrity clients — but does not enjoy a particularly harmonious relationship with her husband or her children. And Eva, a masseuse and Zen-like and confident in her work, is quite insecure in her private life. So it does make a kind of sense in that context that Albert reserve his organizational streak for work.

It’s also telling that in the scene in which Albert describes his job, he doesn’t use any standard terms or phrases, like catalogingarchivingdigital preservation, digitizationetc. Instead, he describes his duties more generically:  “I make sure things are transferred to digital properly, I make sure they’re logged in properly.” What he’s saying is perfectly understandable, but it just doesn’t quite have the ring of what a real librarian or archivist would say.

Also, Albert is a digital archivist, yet NEVER uses the word “archives.” Here’s a job description for a digital archivist that I snagged online from the Education Portal site, seen below.

Reel Librarians  |  Job description for 'digital archivist'

Check, check, and check. (For more background on how a digital archivist is similar to, but distinct, from librarians, click here. But for simplification and the purposes of this website, I am still including this role as a reel librarian.)

I did appreciate, however, that the role of Albert is well-rounded and full of realistic flaws. This kind of in-depth characterization is a hallmark of Nicole Holofcener’s films, a few of which I have seen (Walking and Talking, Lovely & Amazing). For example, we learn that Albert doesn’t like onions in his guacamole, preferring to savor the avocados (this turned out to be a big deal for his ex-wife); he’s a bit socially awkward and accidentally flashes his penis on their second date — but cheekily asks, “What did you think?” as he goes off to change pants; he is obviously reluctant to reveal his pet peeve of seeing bare feet; he cannot distinguish between weeds and real grass; and he expresses fatherly pride of his teenage daughter, who’s set to go to design school in the fall.

Also notable is that Eva makes a big deal about how Albert is not able to whisper. He just cannot be that quiet. Is it a coincidence, or was Holofcener giving an inside wink to the audience that a LIBRARIAN does not know how to whisper and BE QUIET? 😉

James Gandolfini plays Albert with sweetness, charm, and empathy. This is tricky, because as we learn more of his bad habits from his ex-wife’s perspective — played with pitch-perfect bitchiness by Catherine Keener, who appears in all of Holofcener’s films — it would be easy to be swayed along with Eva about his flaws. But Gandolfini’s sensitivity in portraying Albert always keeps us on his side.

Albert, then, does not fit into any easily categorized character role. He is truly an atypical portrayal of a reel librarian — a fully rounded, realistic character, one beyond stereotypes. It helps that he is a major character in the film, and we are given time to get to know him and witness more than a few glimpses into his personal life. Therefore, Albert also lands in the Class II category, as he is a major character but his role as an archivist is not necessary to the plot.

And, last but not least, here are a couple of outtakes captured while taking screenshots of the film. I love the expressions that Julia Louis-Dreyfus can come up with!

Reel Librarians  |  Screenshots from 'Enough Said'

I like to think that her gesture in the second photo reads, “Enough said!”

And so it is. 😉